December 2, 2013
In front of the City Council Meeting; City Building, 4310 Gallatin Street
Good evening, Council Members, Mayor, and community members! My name is Shannon Wyss. I am a voter and homeowner in West Hyattsville, and i’m speaking this evening in support of the Hyattsville Human Rights Act. I am proud to call “home” this city that so clearly respects diversity in all of its forms.
I identify as genderqueer. For me, this means that i am neither a man nor a woman and neither masculine nor feminine. If this seems radical to you, consider that it seems radical to me that we expect almost 7 billion, incredibly diverse people to fit into one of just two sex and gender boxes.
In any case, as part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer community, i am pleased to live in one of the few Maryland jurisdictions where i might be protected based upon my gender identity and expression. As the law currently stands, i can be refused service in one of our neighborhood restaurants, denied a job within the city limits, turned down for a mortgage by a Hyattsville-based lender, or have one of our Realtors refuse to work with me either because of how i identify or because of how i look.
However, this is far from just about me. According to a national study by the National Gay & Lesbian Task Force and the National Center for TransgenderEquality*, 63% of the 7,000 trans and gender non-conforming survey respondents had experienced a serious act of discrimination. These figures include:
- 19% who had been denied housing;
- An unemployment rate of twice the national average;
- 22% who had been denied equal treatment by a government agency or official; and
- 53% who had been verbally harassed in a place of public accommodation.
So the need for trans and gender non-conforming community members to be protected from discrimination is both undeniable and at a crisis level. And tonight, you can address this deep need.
By passing this bill, the Council will also reinforce a commitment to fighting racism, ageism, xenophobia, ableism, sexism,homophobia, and prejudice on the basis of religion or marital status. These values are just a few of the many things that attracted my life partner, Katie, and me here. And as is commonly acknowledged in activist circles, we cannot end one “-ism” without ending all of them. Katie and i love being part of a diverse, progressive, and accepting community and desire to be here for many years to come.
I hope that, after tonight, the state legislature will follow our Council’s example and pass a similar law. Until that time, the Human Rights Act will further solidify our city’s reputation as a forward-thinking and accepting community. By acting now, the Council can offer those like me protections that are taken for granted by individuals who are not in the transgender and gender non-conforming community.
I thank each of you for your attention and your vote for the Hyattsville Human Rights Act.
*Source: Grant, Jaime M., Lisa A. Mottet, Justin Tanis, Jack Harrison,Jody L. Herman, and Mara Keisling. 2011. Injustice at EveryTurn: A Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey. Washington, DC: National Center forTransgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.
- to mothers who love their children unconditionally and who set loving boundaries;
- to mothers who accept their children where they’re at and as who they are instead of as who and where the mothers want them to be;
- to cis mothers and trans mothers;
- to genetic mothers and adoptive mothers and stepmothers and other-mothers;
- to lesbian and bisexual mothers who are out to their children;
- to mothers who never hit, spank, deride, or otherwise emotionally or physically abuse their children;
- to mothers who break the cycle;
- to mothers who respect their children as human beings with rights and desires as important as the mothers’ own;
- to mothers who earn their children’s respect instead of demanding it of them;
- to mothers who admit their challenges and who know they can’t do it all;
- to mothers who like their children as well as love them;
- to mothers who love and *celebrate* their LGBTQ and gender non-conforming children as much as their straight and cis children;
- to mothers who honor and respect their disabled children as much as their able-bodied ones;
- to mothers who raise strong children and children focused on social justice;
- to mothers who teach their children to see and fight oppression in all its forms, especially when that oppression does not affect their children’s daily lives;
- to mothers who expose their children to as much human diversity as possible – race, gender, class, physical and mental ability, sexual orientation, gender identity, immigration and linguistic status, religious, and all the other ways we have of being human;
- to mothers who use birth control and who have abortions when they know that having children is not right for them at the moment;
- to mothers who openly and honestly teach their kids about sex, sexuality, and birth control;
- to mothers who are not afraid to ask for help and to mothers who offer help;
- to mothers who don’t let fathers get away with doing nothing to help raise their children or maintain the household;
- to mothers who raise feminist sons and assertive, self-confident daughters;
- to mothers who teach all their children that “no” means “no;”
- to single mothers;
- to mothers raising children with multiple co-parents;
- to mothers who don’t dress their boy babies in blue and their girl babies in pink;
- to mothers who let their boys wear dresses and their girls play with trucks;
- to mothers who know that sex isn’t gender and that biology isn’t destiny;
- to mothers who struggle and mothers who triumph;
- to mothers who live with adult children who need as much parenting as young children;
- to butch mothers and femme mothers, masculine mothers and feminine mothers;
- to mothers who struggle to make ends meet but who still meet their children’s needs;
- to mothers who parent in poverty, with disabilities, as immigrants, surrounded by racism;
- to non-Christian mothers, feminist mothers, radical mothers;
- to mothers who strive to have their children’s lives be better than their own;
- to mothers who take time for and take care of themselves;
- to mothers who have lives outside of parenthood and who don’t define their entire being based on their mothering;
- to mothers who know that it truly takes a village;
- to mothers who work with instead of against their children;
- to mothers who encourage academic excellence, who buy their children books instead of violent toys, who expose their children to books and movies with good messages that other parents may fear;
- to mothers who leave manipulative, exploitative, or abusive relationships;
- to mothers who refuse to conform to sexist notions of motherhood and help redefine what it means to be a mother; and most importantly,
- to my own Mom who is amazing in too many ways to name.
[Written as part of the Write Your Principal project. Thanks to Katie for her wonderful editing suggestions on two drafts of this piece. This is getting mailed out to Viz tomorrow. So any of you who are connected with the school still are therefore probably seeing this before the principal does.]
November 15, 2010
Mary Ellen Schraeder, Upper School Principal
Visitation Academy of St. Louis
3020 North Ballas Road
Saint Louis, Missouri 63131
Dear Ms. Schraeder:
I am an alum of Visitation Academy, having attended the school from fifth grade through my senior year, graduating in 1991. I am also a proud part of the lesbian/ gay/bisexual/transgender (LGBT) community.
I have always been incredibly grateful to Viz for the caliber of education that I received there. Your top-notch faculty prepared me for college in a way that I would have been hard-pressed to get at most other high schools in the St. Louis area. I still have fond memories of many of the teachers I had during my years there – Susan Scarpinato, Laura McCord, Dan Monahan, Rita White, Sr. Isabel Clark, Sr. Mary Ann Aubin, Sr. Karen Mohan, Marilyn Fitzgerald, Janet Parsons, and, even though I never had her as a teacher, Mev Puleo. These faculty members gave me academic and critical thinking skills that still serve me today – and many gave me a degree of personal attention that showed how deeply they cared not only for me as an individual but for their students as a whole.
Since graduating from Viz, I have earned an undergraduate degree in International Studies from Vassar College and a Masters Degree in Women’s Studies from George Washington University. I now work as the Grants Manager for the National AIDS Fund in Washington, DC. I also have several published essays and op-eds and one scholarly journal article to my name and am working a book manuscript that I hope to publish in 2011 or 2012.
While the school helped prepare me for the rest of my academic and professional life, however, socially Viz was a much harder place. During my first year at the school, I had no friends at all and often ate lunch at a table alone in the cafeteria. It wasn’t until seventh grade, with the influx of new girls, that I had more than one friend. We were the unpopular students who loved classes, enjoyed learning, made good grades, didn’t drink or do drugs, and had no athletic skills to speak of. Even with this small group of friends, however, I felt somehow separate.
Such semi-isolation would have been easier to deal with if I wasn’t under the constant impression that most of my classmates hated me. I was definitely different from most of them in multiple ways: I was politically liberal, I started identifying openly as a feminist in sixth grade, I didn’t date boys or wear makeup, I was against the first Gulf War, and I stopped shaving my legs and armpits during my senior year. Luckily, I was never physically threatened while at Viz. But there were multiple times where my outsiderness made me the target of name-calling, derision, and ostracism. From my first days in Core 5, I felt separate from my peers, and that feeling continued through the time I graduated. Socially and, especially, emotionally, Viz was not a safe place for me.
I am writing to ask you to take proactive steps to protect the lesbian, bisexual, trans (transgendered), and questioning students who are at Viz today. I am sending this letter, first, in response to my own experiences. Actions such as those I describe below would have created a more open, accepting environment and would have helped me immeasurably.
The second, and much more compelling, reason that I am writing to you is my concern for your current students. As I’m sure you’re aware, the suicides this fall of over a half-dozen gay youth have received much mainstream media attention. The most recent was a boy in Pennsylvania who took his own life on November 5 by walking to an interstate thirteen miles from his home and throwing himself in front of a tractor trailer truck. These boys, who ranged in age from 13 to 19 years old, all killed themselves after repeated incidents of bullying by their schoolmates. In most of these instances, the schools had received multiple reports of the harassment against these students and either did nothing to protect them or denied that anyone had reported the harassment.
The bullying that these boys faced is far from isolated. For instance, according to the 2009 National School Climate Survey by the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network:
- 89% of the 7,200 participating LGBT student respondents heard “gay” used in a negative way;
- 63% heard derisive remarks about their gender expression (not being “feminine enough” or “masculine enough”);
- 85% were verbally harassed because of their sexual orientation and 64% because of their gender expression;
- 53% were harassed or threatened by peers via electronic media;
- 61% of students felt unsafe at school because of their sexual orientation, and 40% felt unsafe because of their gender expression;
- 29% skipped at least one class in the month before the survey because they felt unsafe, and 30% missed at least one entire day for the same reason; and
- LGBT students who were frequently harassed had GPAs almost half a grade lower than students who were harassed less frequently (2.7 vs. 3.1, respectively).
These numbers are backed up by my own research, and they demonstrate that many, many LGBT youth have a significantly worse time in school than I did. Such statistics bear shocking witness to the gravity of the problem facing LGBT students in US middle and high schools.
Although our culture has changed somewhat since I was a student, I have no doubt that there are lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning youth at Viz right now who are being harassed and ostracized by their peers and that occasionally such hatred takes physical forms. These bullied students are at very high risk for self-destructive behaviors like substance abuse, self-mutilation, cutting classes, skipping school, unsafe sex, unplanned pregnancy, and suicide – not because they are or may be lesbian, bisexual, or trans but because they are in a socially and emotionally unsafe environment that leaves them isolated, lonely, and depressed.
Therefore, I am writing to ask you to take proactive steps to protect your lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students. It is necessary for Viz to create an environment where all kinds of differences are respected. This includes not just differences of race, class, and religion (all of which were emphasized when I was there), but differences of sexual orientation and gender identity/expression. Passively hoping that such openness will happen by itself is not optimistic but is instead insufficient and ineffective.
Viz needs to promote actively this respect through assemblies, workshops, and course material. This does not mean teaching that the Catholic Church “promotes” homosexuality or bisexuality; we all know that that is far from the truth. What it does mean is activities such as the following:
- Including overt mentions of lesbianism, bisexuality, and transgender in assemblies on diversity;
- Talking about the contributions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans individuals in classes such as history, art, drama, literature, and science;
- Discussing how “abstinence only until marriage” sex education curricula affect students who can never get civilly or religiously married to their partners;
- Including sexual orientation and gender identity in the school’s non-discrimination policy and making sure that all students, faculty members, and staff know of that inclusion;
- Including uncensored information on Viz’s lesbian, bisexual, and trans alums in The Visitor;
- Punishing students who are guilty of bullying and working with them to find better ways of dealing with the difficulties in their lives;
- Protecting, nurturing, and helping the healing process of your bullied lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students; and
- Supporting your students in the establishment of a Gay/Straight Alliance – not for the discussion of sex but so that the club members can help each other cope with the harassment and ostracism that they face.
Such actions have proven over and over again to be a tremendous help to LGBT and questioning students throughout the country. Although I was not out while I was there, such changes would have made the school environment much more comfortable for me and would have made my experience there so much happier than it was. Much more importantly, all of these actions will help your current lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students feel welcome and included in the Viz community. They can be couched in some of the basic Christian principles that you teach:
- Love your neighbor as yourself.
- Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
- Let that person who is without sin cast the first stone.
- Whatsoever you do to the least of my brothers or sisters, that you do unto me.
Today, I am a happy, loving and well-loved individual who has a life partner and who tries to make the world a better place in both my personal and my professional lives. I still smart from some of my experiences at Viz, however, and am bitter that the school did not create a more inclusive, welcoming atmosphere during my years there. In fact, if I had to do it over again, I would choose to go to another school with a larger student body in the hopes that that school would be more diverse, inclusive, and progressive – even if that meant sacrificing some of the fantastic Viz education that I received.
I hope that Viz can create a plan to help its lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students. In fostering a more open, healthy environment for them, you will create a better school experience for all Vivettes.
Further resources on how to create such an environment can be found at any of the following websites:
- The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (especially this page);
- The Safe Schools Coalition (especially this page); and
- Teaching Tolerance (especially this page);
I look forward to hearing how Viz plans to become a safe school for its lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students. I would be more than happy to talk with you in greater detail about my experiences at Viz and the ways that you can help other students have a better, happier experience there than I did. Feel free to contact me at any time via phone or e-mail.
On behalf of Viz’s current and former lesbian, bisexual, trans, and questioning students, I thank you so much for your time and consideration.
Shannon E. Wyss, ‘91